- Upper body (Age uke)
- Middle body (Chudan uke)
- Lower body (Gedan barai and Harai otoshi uke)
- Hooking block (kake uke)
- Double circular block (mawashi uke)
- Palm block
- Wrist block
- Foot block
Basics by Furukawa
Age Uke (Rising Block)
Chudan Uke (Middle Block)
Gedan Barai (Lower Block)
Harai otoshi uke
Bring elbow of blocking arm to center line. Other fist goes palm down under it across center line. Lower arm pulls back to chamber. Blocking arm moves in an arc downward to side.
In kata often the arms spread wide before starting the block.
Fist ends one fist distance above hip. Practice also out of shiko dachi, where fist ends fist distance over leading knee.
This block is often used to redirect kicks, usually with some sort of side-stepping to get the body out of the line of attack.
Retracting (non-blocking) hand can also be used as a block of a strike to the ribs, after which the other arm sweeps it to the side.
Harai otoshi uke (Circular Sweeping Lower Block)
Note: This practitioner uses more of a straight line block similar to gedan barai, but it's the best example we could find. Instead, sweep in a downward arc across body.
Mawashi uke (Double circular block)
This technique is applied in situations to deflect or control the opponent's arms, or a single arm (cross-body) while the other performs an arm bar.
We teach students to start this differently than the video. The hands start in similar fashion to a chodan uke position, with one arm palm down under the extended (as if blocking) arm. The upper arm is palm up facing you.
(An alternative starting position to start the block is with the two hands meeting on one side of the body. The lower hand is palm down, the other is palm up, both open and backs of the hands touching. Either alternative is acceptable for most kata, for the starting "position" is simply an interim posture to begin the hand/arm movements. The blocks are then performed the same.)
Then the lower arm circles upward and around, finishing at chamber with the hand open and fingers pointing downward.
The upper arm simultaneously circles across the body, arcing downward to block a lower attack, then finishing at chamber with hand open and fingers pointing upward.
Kake Uke (Hooking Block)
This technique is usually applied with a retreat, or sidestep (45 degrees forward to outside) and body rotation to avoid the attack, and kake uke is used to deflect and control the attacking arm.